Overview of fire and smoke spread in underground mines

Published:  19 April, 2010

Research regarding fire safety in mines has so far mainly been directed towards coal mines. Thus the need for recommendations, simulation models, engineering tools etc for non-coal underground mines are in great demand. This paper is part of a larger ongoing research project aimed at improving the fire safety in underground mines in order to obtain a safer working environment for the people working for the mining companies in Sweden or for visitors in mines open to the public.

The fire safety record in mines in Sweden is in general good with very few fire accidents that have occurred. The main reason is that there is a great awareness of the fire safety problems in mines. The awareness comes from the fact that escape routes from mines are generally limited. The is that it is expensive to construct extra escape routes which are not a part of the tunnel mining system. The costs to build extra escape tunnels may be better spent on different safety equipment or systems for fire prevention or evacuation. Such systems can be ventilation systems, fire fighting equipment or rescue chambers located at different places in the mines.

This specific paper encompasses a literature survey performed in the project. The main purpose of the literature survey was to investigate and present what has been done in the non-coal underground mine fire field in the past and to give recommendations on the continued work with regard to fire safety in underground non-coal mines.

  • Operation Florian

Sign up: eMagazine & eNewsletter

The latest issues in your inbox.

Company Profiles

Waterax - We move water

Trusted by wildland firefighters around the world, WATERAX sets the industry standard by developing innovative, portable fire pumps and water-handling equipment designed to withstand demanding applications and rugged environments.

Big Water Flow for Industrial and Municipal Firefighting Applications

Protecting the lives of the public and firefighters while limiting the structural damage caused in large scale fires is our primary mission

We are committed to improving lives and doing business in the right way

We have a unique mix of capability and culture that we refer to as 3M Science and we strive to develop products that improve people’s daily lives in a multitude of ways.

HazSim - Bringing situational HazMat training to life

HazSim, LLC provides innovative simulation training to ensure your team works safely and effectively. HazSim Pro simulation equipment is in use by hundreds of fire departments, training schools, industrial fire teams, and private trainers across the US, Canada and further afield as well as the US Army.

The ultimate in innovation, quality and service

For 60 years Lehavot has been delivering the world’s most advanced fire detection and suppression automatic systems

Advancing rescue technology

The specialist supplier of quality PPE and Rescue Equipment to Emergency Services.

Revolutionizing fire fighting foam technology

The one-stop resource for fire fighting foam concentrates and custom-designed foam suppression systems hardware.

Trust the best, let us be your foam solution

AUXQUIMIA is a Spanish company whose main activity is the design, manufacture and commercialization of firefighting foam concentrates.

Williams Fire & Hazard Control offers a full line of specialized fire response equipment for oil and gas platforms

From storage tanks and pipeline emergencies to offshore platforms and vessels at sea, Williams' response personnel and specialized equipment quickly address adverse fire emergencies.

Foam fights fire

Europe’s foremost fire fighting foam manufacturer has been developing and producing foams since the 1920s.

The leader in truck-mounted hydraulic platforms

Our mission is to provide the best and the safest solution to professionals that work at height.

If you want quality, you want Zico

Since its inception Ziamatic Corp has provided the men and women of the fire service with products designed to make their jobs safer and easier.

The independent alternative

Dafo Fomtec AB is a privately owned company with head office in Stockholm Sweden and manufacturing in Helsingborg in the south of Sweden.